Over the years, English has acquired the status of an international language. Rightly so, as it’s increasingly being utilized as a means of communication in business, over the internet, for pedagogy in schools and universities, etc. As is the case with languages, English too has its own set of variants, the most common being British (UK) and American (US). Although mutually understandable, these two alternatives have certain marked differences in accent, pronunciation, vocabulary, spelling and grammar. In US English, the words are usually spelled as they are pronounced unlike in UK English where spellings are usually a product of the resultant cultural or geographical influence, its origin, etc.
On account of globalization and advancements in technology, the gap between these two is diminishing and their preferences in different parts of the world is gradually changing. It is however beneficial to be aware of the differences between the two, some of which are listed below:-
These supposed inconsistencies are not of a major concern unless of course there are documents that have to be submitted to a particular English speaking region (e.g.: market research questionnaires, business documents) or when you’ve to appear for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc. At such instances, it would be a plus if you follow the spelling, vocabulary and grammar patterns of the respective region or country.
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