Endangered Indian Languages
There are about 29 states, 7 union territories and 780 different languages in India. Yes, you read it right, 780 different languages, out of which only 22 of them are scheduled Indian languages. Over the last 50 years, there are nearly 250 languages declared extinct.
The People's Linguistic Survey of India (PLSI) has completed a comprehensive linguistic survey of the country last year and has published its reports in 50 volumes contained in 72 books. This is the first linguistic survey carried out in the country after Irish linguistic scholar George Abraham Grierson conducted the Linguistic Survey of India from 1898 to 1928.
"Currently as many as 780 different languages are spoken and 86 different scripts are used in the country. While it surely is a fact to celebrate the diversity of the country, the sad part is we have lost nearly 250 languages in the last 50 years or so," PLSI chairperson G.N. Devy. "From their historical and geographical details to their origin and grammar as well as literature and other artistic and cultural works including folk songs would be available in the published work," adds Devy.
Below mentioned are about 42 Indian languages that are endangered listed by UNESCO. These languages are spoken by lesser than 10,000 people and require proper attention to preserve them before they're bygone.
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Great Andamanese, Jarawa, Lamongse, Luro, Muot, Onge, Pu, Sanenyo, Sentilese, Shompen, Takahanyilang|
|Manipur||Aimol, Aka, Koiren, Lamgang, Langrong, Purum, Tarao|
|Himachal Pradesh||Baghati, Handuri, Pangvali, Sirmaudi|
|Odisha||Manda, Parji, Pengo|
|Andhra Pradesh||Gadaba, Naiki|
|Tamil Nadu||Kota, Toda|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Mra, Na|
|Assam||Tai Nora, Tai Rong|